Amla commonly known as Indian Gooseberry and also referred as Phyllantus emblica or Emblica officinalis. Amla is a small to moderate height tree ranging from 10-20 meters. The size of amla fruit is about 1.5 – 2.5 cm in diameter and six soft ridges. The most popular varieties of amla are Banarasi, NA 7, Krishna, Kanchan and Chakaiya, BSR 1. In Ayurvedic preparations the amla is used in various forms like fresh fruit, dried fruit, fruit pulp and dried extracts. In Ayurveda, the amla is used as a rejuvenating herb to restore the lost vitality and vigor. The fruit is used in cough preparations, to treat skin infections and it is best among the sour fruits. It is also useful to treat conditions like hemorrhage, diarrhea and dysentery and antibacterial. Amla is considered to be richest source of Vitamin C .
Amla berries are rich in antioxidants, which reduce the risk of chronic health conditions like heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. Amla berries are also an excellent source of: Vitamin C. Vitamin E.There are three main varieties of amla in India. The three sub-varieties are Chaikaya amla, Francis amla and Banarasi amala. Each of these varieties of amla has its own merits and demerits.