Bajri & Maillet

Bajari (Pearl millet) is the most widely grown type of millet. It has been grown in Africa and the Indian subcontinent since prehistoric times. The center of diversity, and suggested area of domestication, for the crop, is in the Sahel zone of West Africa. Recent archaeobotanical research has confirmed the presence of domesticated pearl millet in the Sahel zone of northern Mali between 2500 and 2000 BC. Cultivation subsequently spread and moved overseas to India. The earliest archaeological records in the Indian subcontinent date to around 2000 BC and it spread rapidly through the Northern Indian subcontinent reaching South India by 1500 BC. Cultivation also spread throughout the eastern and southern parts of Africa. Pearl millet is widely grown in the northeastern part of Nigeria (especially in Borno and Yobe states). It is a major source of food to the local villagers of that region. The crop grows easily in that region due to its ability to withstand harsh weather conditions like drought and flood. Records exist for the cultivation of pearl millet in the United States in the 1850s, and the crop was introduced into Brazil in the 1960s

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